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Thursday, April 17, 2008

Actual Warrant of Precedence


Notes : (a) This Warrant of Precedence is compiled from a joint consideration of the existing Central Warrant of Precedence (which is till the rank of Major General) and Warrant of Precedence – 1937, as per Minstry of Home Affairs' directions contained in Letter No 12/11/99-Pub II dated 26 Dec 1966, the validity of which has been confirmed by Letter No 12/1/2007-Public dated 14 Aug 2007. The MHA has confirmed in 2007 that the Old Warrant of Precedence shall be taken as a guide to determine ranks below the ones mentioned in the current WoP.

(b) Only the posts which are existing and relevant in the present scenario have been mentioned in this Warrant of Precedence. Military ranks have been highlighted.

1. HE The President of India

2. HE The Vice President of India

3. Prime Minister

4. Governors of States within their respective States

5. Former Presidents

5A Deputy Prime Minister

6. Chief Justice of India / Speaker of Lok Sabha

7. Cabinet Ministers of the Union / CMs within their States / Former PMs

7A Holders of Bharat Ratna Decoration

8. Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and High Commissioners of Commonwealth Countries / CMs outside their States / Governors outside their States

9. Judges of the Supreme Court

9A Chief Election Commissioner / Comptroller & Auditor General of India

10. Deputy Chairman Rajya Sabha / Deputy CMs of States / Deputy Speaker Lok Sabha / Members Planning Commission / Ministers of State of the Union

11. Attorney General of India / Cabinet Secretary / Lieutenant Governors within their UTs

12. Chiefs of Army, Air and Naval Staff

13. Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary accredited to India

14. Chairmen and Speakers of State Legislatures within their States / Chief Justices of High Courts within their jurisdictions

15. Cabinet Ministers of States within their States / CMs of UTs within their UTs / Deputy Union Ministers

16. Officiating Chiefs of Army, Air and Naval Staff of the rank of Lt Gen or equivalent

17. Chairman CAT / Chairman Minorities Commission / Chairman SC & ST Commission / Chairman UPSC / Chief Justices outside their jurisdiction / Puisne Judges of High Court within their jurisdictions

18. Cabinet Ministers of States outside their States / Ministers of State in States within their States / Chairmen and Speakers of State Legislatures outside their States

19. Chief Commissioners of UTs not having a Council of Ministers within their UTs / Deputy Ministers in States within their States

20. Deputy Chairmen and Deputy Speakers of State Legislatures outside their States / Minister of State in States outside their States / Puisne Judges of High Courts outside their jurisdictions.

21. Members of Parliament

22. Deputy Ministers in State outside their States

23. Army Commanders (GsOC-in-C) / VCOAS and equivalent in other services / Chief Secretaries to States within their States / Members of Minority Commission / Secretaries to Govt of India / Secretary to President / Secretary to PM / Secretary Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha / Solicitor General

24. Officers of the rank of Lieutenant General or equivalent

25. Additional Secretaries to Govt of India / Addl Solicitor General / Advocate Generals of States / Chairman Tariff Commission / Chief Secretaries outside their States / Director CBI / DG BSF / DG CRPF / Director IB / Lt Governors outside their UTs / Members UPSC / PSOs of Armed Forces of the rank of Major General and equivalent

26. Officers of the rank of Major General and equivalent / Joint Secretary to Govt of India

27. Vice Chancellors of Universities

28. Commissioners of Divisions within their respective charges

29. Brigade Commanders within their respective Charges

30. Brigadiers / Inspector General of Forests / Inspectors General of Police

31. Commissioners of Divisions outside their charges

32. Secretaries to State Governments

33. Colonels / Accountants General / Chief Conservator of Forests / Chief Engineers / Inspectors General of Prisons / Members of ICS (now known as IAS) and Indian Political Service (now Indian Foreign Service) with 23 years ‘ standing

34. Controller Military Accounts and Pensions (now CDA)

35. Commissioners of Income Tax / Deputy Commissioners within their districts

36. District and Session Judges within their charges

37. DIG of Police

38. Lieutenant Colonels / Conservators of Forests / IAS and Foreign Service officers with 18 years standing / Superintending Engineers

39. Excise Commissioners / Registrar of Co-operative Societies

40. Deputy Commissioners of Districts / District and Sessions Judges / Superintendents of Police of Districts within their charges (also now known with variable nomenclature as DCP / SSP in certain States)

41. DIG of Prisons / Officers of other Class-I Services and Provincial Services with 20 years standing

42. Majors / IAS and Foreign Service officers with 12 years service / SPs and DCPs with 15 to 20 years service

43. Asst Commissioners of Income Tax / Officers of Class-I and Provincial Services with 10 years standing

44. Divisional Engineers / Divisional Forest Officers / Executive Engineers / Superintendents of Central Jails


blackberet said...

Thanks for publishing the actual WoP. It was much needed, there is usually no clarity on this document.

Anonymous said...


PK Jhamb said...

Very Relevent Article,All the guys in Uniform need to read it & do something to change the set up.
Brigadier V Mahalingam (Retired)

The pay commission has done it yet again. The Army has not been equated with the IAS. Was it not expected? The problem with the Services is, we are not prepared to change or learn. I believe, the so-called pyramid is a self-created one and the problem can be overcome only if we are prepared to change. There are two clear ways out of the problem.

The first requirement is for the Army to be prepared to de-link military ranks from our appointments. Once it is done, the government can be approached to increase the number of vacancies in various ranks in the same ratio as that of the IAS to provide better career progression to
the Army Officers. The Government too will not be able to deny that.
What is the problem if a Major General is the Camp Commandant of the Brigade Headquarters? Haven't we seen as many as twenty DGPs in States holding various appointments including deputation vacancies such as Chairman of the State Housing Boards? Aren't DGP ranked officers co – existing as DGP (Training), DGP (Welfare), Commissioner of Police etc?
We are obsessed with the military ranks, decorations, awards and medals which in this country mean nothing. You realize it only when you are out of the uniform. These have been created by vested interests to put the servicemen off track so that they are blinded in a manner as not to see the real issues. Who cares if you are a Retired Brigadier or a Captain?
What difference does it make if you are a Mahavir Chakra gallantry award winner or otherwise? Haven't we heard of the bureaucrat who questioned the necessity of instituting a medal for the 1971 Indo–Pak war and its financial implications? He obviously felt that the sacrifice of the men in uniform was not even worth a hundred rupees which is the cost of the medal and its handling. Does any civil servant or a Government official give you your dues leave alone respect you?

The second alternative is to insist on a pay band, which gives our officers the pay scale equivalent to the IAS at every stage, based on the number of years of service. The rank should play no part in the scheme of things. This will also end the rat race for promotion in the Army. If the Army wishes to maintain some income edge for serving commanders, the solution is a command pay for officers holding command appointments at various levels of command. Command Appointments are not very many and can be easily accommodated with hardly any financial implication. The rest needs to be covered by a hazardous pay to compensate all ranks for the service conditions in military service. This will automatically enhance the retirement pension of all ranks at
the time of hanging up ones uniform.

The BSF, CRPF and other CPOs battalions have a system of maintaining a location as the base location to which all ranks are posted and positioned. All operations and duties are performed from the operational
location, which is well away from the Base. All ranks performing various duties at the operational location are thus entitled to TA / DA for the duration of their stay which is virtually their entire service and tenure. Why can't we change and adopt this method, which is beneficial to our men? Have the BSF, CRPF and other CPO units and Para Military units become inferior to the Army units in any way? In today's India,
ranks, decorations, and the so-called "Shan" mean nothing and money means everything. The sooner we realize it, the better it is for the Army.

The country has enacted Labour Laws, which stipulate the maximum number of hours of work that can be extracted from a worker, including the staff working in the various State and Central Government offices and departments. Additional hours of work put in by these workers are termed over time and are paid for at double the rates of the normal wages.
These laws are based on scientific reasoning and are meant to prevent
exploitation of the worker. It is a well-known fact a soldier in the
army especially in the arms is made to train and work anything between 15 to 18 hours a day both in field and in peace stations. The question is, is military training and service any less strenuous than the work in
any Government Department? Are the army men genetically different from rest of our countrymen? Is the army then exploiting its soldiers? Why cannot we demand overtime for our soldiers whenever they are made to work beyond a reasonable number of hours a day? Why can't a soldier have time to himself and his family at least in peace stations? If such luxuries cannot be given to the soldiers, some one has to pay for it and
the payment has to be in line with the civil services.

The Services assume a number of things without any basis. In their
enthusiasm to prove to the world that they are the best, they do things which they are not required to and which they are not meant to.
Obviously, in this material world, what one has done over and above
one's prescribed duties cannot be paid for. The Services on the other hand feel that their hard work hasn't been recognized and feel let down.
Let us take a look at a few examples.

The Army assumes that it is the sole guardian of the country, created to solve all problems for which it is employed. It is time we realized that the Army is merely a tool in the hands of the Government in power, (The Defence Forces are not part of the Government while the bureaucracy is) to keep their own "kursis" warm. Haven't we seen commanders insisting on capture of weapons and kills at any cost and branding a unit inefficient when they could not produce the so-called results? Haven't unit and formation commanders been penalized for not bringing in more kills and weapons? Haven't our troops in good faith, out of perceived loyalty to seniors, Regimental Spirit and "Izzat" gone over board resulting in custodial deaths? Who is responsible for such happenings? The Army needs
to learn to do its job, and be correct – nothing more nothing less. Army is deployed in insurgency-affected areas to keep the levels of violence at an acceptable level so as to create conditions to enable the politicians and the Administrative machinery to resolve the issue. They are not there either to eliminate all insurgents and their sympathizers or to capture all weapons in the affected area. Bringing peace in an insurgency-affected area is the esponsibility of the political system and the governing body and not that of the Army. Our enthusiasm creates more problems than solving. The Army needs to learn from the IAS in
matters like this. Do they ever take a decision or responsibility even on issues for which they are supposedly responsible? Why do things, which one is not required to?
In 1990, when the problem in J & K demanded the induction of additional troops from Nagaland, formations were moved post haste, on verbal instructions followed by signals from the SD Directorate, a part of the Army Headquarters. Almost eight months after the move of the formations, when the officers put up their Permanent move claims, the claims were
returned by the Controller of Defence Accounts (Officers) stating that they required a valid move sanction for passing the claims. Requests were sent to Army Headquarters through the formation headquarters up the channel for the issue of necessary move sanctions to enable the claims
to be passed. Accordingly, the Army Headquarters issued the move
sanction. The claims were however not passed stating that the Army
Headquarters were not the competent authority to move the formations and a Government sanction is required for the purpose. The question is, why
were the formations moved without a proper written move sanction from the Government? What was the hurry? Isn't it a clear case of misplaced enthusiasm? The government finally issued the move sanction after a humiliating delay and discussions on the file. The Army Headquarters were made to feel as if they had moved the formation for their personal
benefit. Had the army's hierarchy insisted on a written move sanction before the actual movement of the formation, the humiliation could have
been avoided.
Flood relief operations, disaster management, riot control, rescue
operations of civilians who fall in a well accidentally, opening of an oil pipe line blocked by agitating industrial workers, Asiad games, cleaning up a village consequent to out break of a disease – you name
anything and the army seems to be the solution. The Army feels that it is a know all organization, which is competent to handle any situation.
At the end of the day, the politicians and the local administration invariably take the credit for the resolution of the situation. Obviously the frustration of the rank and file of the army becomes visible. The question is, is the army trained to perform all such duties? Do we have the necessary equipment and expertise to handle such situations? Are we better than the civil engineers of the irrigation
department to handle a flood situation? Are they not being paid? If they are not good enough to handle the situation, it is the problem of the government. Why and where do we figure in such situations? Hasn't the Government created the CRPF to manage riot situations? Aren't they organized, trained and equipped to manage riots? Why aren't we protesting when we are called upon to perform such duties, which we are not meant to? Why aren't the men getting paid for the additional
responsibilities and duties performed by them? Will any other government employee take on any such duties? Why is the rule different for the Army? These issues need serious introspection and we need to change, if the Army's worth is to be realized by the people and the Government.
There is a need to define the Army's role and duties and anything beyond that, needs to be paid for. There are no free lunches in our country today.
The Indian Military Academy and the National Defence Academy not being fully subscribed is not the army's problem. It is the problem of the Government. It is for the Government to decide as to how potential officers are to be attracted to serve the army. The Army needs to lay down the minimum number of officers required to be posted in a unit to classify it as operationally fit and functionally viable to manage the available manpower and equipment till the required number of officers
are made available. Where the strength of the officers go below the laid down standards, the unit concerned should be classified unfit for war or un- maintainable respectively and the Government notified for such action as considered necessary and appropriate. The bureaucrats and the ministers are paid for the purpose and not the army.

Where do we go from here? Can the services ever have its say in India?
Yes. The solution lies in creating a Services constituency and the
servicemen and the ex – servicemen being able to elect their
representative to the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies. The postal ballot system has not worked satisfactorily for various reasons.
The servicemen live away from their homes all through the best part of their lives. As a result, they are neither aware of politics nor the local politicians. They derive no benefit from the present political system. The local politicians have no concern for the problems of the servicemen. Local issues do not concern the servicemen. He has a world
of his own. He therefore needs his world to give him what he needs the most. He is entitled to, voice his concerns and problems in the
Parliament so that his problems and needs are understood and resolved within the framework of governance.

Accordingly, representatives to the Services Constituency need to be elected by all the serving and ex – servicemen separately at the time of General Elections and elections to the State Assemblies. The contestants may be servicemen, ex – servicemen or civilians not holding any office.
They may be from any political party or independents. Photo identity cards for election purposes can be issued to servicemen and ex - servicemen and elections conducted under the arrangements of the Election Commission assisted by the services at unit locations for
servicemen and in various states for ex – servicemen. Election campaigns can be conducted through the media and by visits to units and formations
where possible. In any case the soldier has no access to election
campaigns even in the present set up. Until and unless the services can get this implemented no one would ever care for the services in this era.

Does the country deserve the type of Armed Forces that we have inherited in our country today? A conversation between OSD at the Directorate General Resetlement, Ministry of Defence and me would perhaps provide a realistic answer to the question. I was wounded in war and was posted to the Directorate General Resettlement, Ministry of Defence in 1973
immediately after a year's hospitalization to enable me to get an ear surgery done at the Army Hospital Delhi, which had been damaged during the war. The facility for microsurgery of the ear was available only at the Army Hospital Delhi Cantt then. Immediately on posting, I was
directed to meet all officers of the directorate to get to know the
charter and working of the organization as a part of induction training and familiarization. I came across a Director renk IAS officer Mr Menon
who was positioned as the OSD War Widows' call. He informed me that he has been positioned at the DGR in addition to his own duties in the Ministry to coordinate provision of Gas Agencies to War Widows and Petrol Pumps to the war wounded officers. On a query he told me that the gas agencies and petrol pumps, which were allotted for the purpose, were not adequate to meet the requirement and they have been distributed even before he joined the organization. He had nothing more to distribute to the applicants on the waiting list. There was a long waiting list and
the applicants were regularly visiting the DGR hoping for the miracle to happen. On a query as to what was he doing about it now, he told me that he spent about an hour or so in DGR every day and was just passing time at the cost of his main job. He also informed me that there was no chance of getting any more Gas Agencies or Petrol pumps for allotment,
as it was too lucrative a business to be given away to these categories of people. I grew curious and asked him why then was he here. "I am here just to enable the government to tell the Parliament that a Special Cell
has been created in the Ministry to look after the welfare of the war widows and the war wounded," replied the officer. Till I left the organization in 1976, no more gas agencies or petrol pumps were allotted barring two ladies who had personally met Mrs Gandhi and got gas agencies allotted to themselves.

It is unfortunate that the genuine spirit, the National pride and
interest of the servicemen and the ex - servicemen have not been
recognized by the political and the administrative system in the
country. The people for obvious reasons are mute spectators to the whole issue. It is therefore apparent that the servicemen and the ex - servicemen need to strengthen themselves through the available methods, within the political system and the system of governance in the country.
This needs to be done urgently for the benefit of the future generation of servicemen. If the servicemen and ex - servicemen expect the system to deliver, they are mistaken.

Anonymous said...

As for nomination related to FP and Insurance is considered supreme court had issued a ruling that nominee is like a trustee only and the amount is to be shared amongst all the holders as per succession act.
PLEASE NOTE that same has since been revrsed by a bench recently- the gist being the process of nomination then holds no value, hence nominee is the only authorised recipient in these cases.

Anonymous said...

Actully you people are not fighting with Government officials in a proper way for your enhancement of salary or any requirements for your brave soliders. Moreover you have some code of conduct and Bureaucrats are also cursing you in all the issues and you people have beg for every file and requirements. which is always insulting for defence personalities. It is better it should be go to Ministry of Defence and directly Minister itself handel and after that file should go to PMO office instead of going to every Bureaucrat table and they will see all the microscopic and decision will always delay for procuring of requirements for Defence. It should be urgently stopped. Moreover I am not understand all the intellecutals are now telling openly due to Indecisiveness/delaying by virture of bureacurats nobody now a days join to defence and slowly people start ignoring in all aspects.

Anonymous said...

Dear Navdeep i have given certain comments earlier which were removed as soon as posted, from this blog. This is the probelm with Generals that they want to hear music to years and nothing else. Please remember that by feeding wrong info to officers u are doing biggest harm to Army. The order of precedence u have put has to be seen in prespective. In 1937 the minimum service specified for Lt Col was 25 years and at that age he was equated with 18 years class I service officers of GOI. The Col scale was given in 30 years. Remember that the problem is that army has downgraded itself at middle level by 3 ranks and asked more Lt Col as a deciet route to get scale 10 years ahead than was done 70 years ago. This has not happened in any other service. The qualification difference in Class I and fact that they are pretrained and comes through difficult selection cannot be ignored. Even at the time of 1937 precedence the 7 years seniority edge was granted to civil services as is indicated in your own data. Survey of india and indian medical service which were only two services that had both Military and civil officers on regular basis had given an edge of 6 years to Class I civil Service. Above all u join a service by choice and cannot DRASTICALLY change rules of pay to the advantage of any one service. May we be sightly truthful and put matters in correct perspective-Thanks.

Anonymous said...

Good show. A Col senior to CDA? Go get him and all that u want.

Anonymous said...

Dear sir,

Can you please post the scanned copy of the MHA letter of 2007 quoted by you along with the copy of warrant of precedence of 1966, wchihc still valid, for our ref and use whenever required, please.


Anonymous said...

this is just an eyewash, to suit a person who dreams of publishing this warrant of precedence, if given a chance. the army officers are required to avoid self praise and come out of superiorty complex with which they are suffering. totally false document

kinkar suwan said...

No doubt army is the most honourable institute in india.it is known as discplined, dedicated and most valourable organisation in the world. People of india when feel helpless and sadness from public services of india provided by government, then they look towards indian army. Army have to made this faith in future also. People have respect the army personnel by heart not on the basis of fear or greed. They have more respect than any other governmemt employees. Government must listen their problems and resolved on priority basis. At my own personal view money is not whole thing of life. Army officers should be thought that our country is not so econimicaly strong to fullfil all fimencial implications. Please maintain the diginity of army.

Anonymous said...

completely out-dated and biased informantion .You can download actual table of precedence from MHA website.

Kavish Aggarwala said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
The Patriot said...

Is the GoI lacking funds to tackle the problem? No it is the 'will' that it lacks. The Defense Minister's recent comments "over no wars fought for a long time" too give an indication towards this attitude. The MPs, MLAs and all other Babus get subsidised food, which is much cheaper than the average pricing and for this the GoI is giving subsidy in hundreds of crores p.a. Under the garb of patriotism, noble profession and Medals, the GoI is only giving lip service to our Forces and nothing else.

Restless Lion said...

Major Navdeep Singh,

Sir, is it valid? No way a Major can be equivalent to an IAS of 12 years of service. An IAS Officer becomes Director in 12 Years.


sam said...

There appears to be a flaw some where. WoP today is not what it has been shown here.

Unknown said...

Dear sir,
Firstly i generally refrain from such discussion as it some time leads to un necessary friction betwwen departments/ cadres. But , as the discussion may be highly mis leading to the young officers of any cadre few points may please be noted-

1. Army top brass has found a easy way by just blaming every other department for their own miseries. Or might be they are not capable to get their due regards.If incapable , then they may change their own system.
2.in general , we see that every department generally always try to help out the security forces.
3.security forces are respected by all citizens, why army always crib for the same is some what questionable.
Or the top brass might be mis leading thier subordinates for not giving their perks etc from their end.